Philosophy and Science for the Third Millennium

The Theory of One Revisited

An Essay by Christopher Bek


Summary—This essay delineates seven arguments regarding my Theory of One being—Inside Out, Outside In, The Pythagorean Form, Causality Breakdown, The Aspect Experiment, Simplicity and Beauty, and Unchallenged After Thirteen Years—and argues that I have made my case for the Theory of One.


Nobody wants to believe the truth is as simple as it is. —Stephen Hawking

If the government violates the rights of individual citizens, then the people have the right to get rid of the government.
John Locke

Safe upon the solid rock the ugly houses stand—come and see my shining palace built upon the sand.
Edna St Vincent Millay

I spent ten years of my life testing Einstein’s photoelectric effect theory and its attendant assertion that light exists as particles (ie. light quanta or photons) as well as waves and, contrary to all expectations, I am compelled to argue for it unambiguous verification in spite of its seeming unreasonableness.
Robert Millikan

There are only two kinds of immoral conduct. The first is due to indifference, thoughtlessness and failure to reflect upon what is for the common good. The second is represented by the unpardonable sin that Christ spoke of—which is the deliberate refusal to follow the light when seen.
Robert Millikan

There are two paths before us—one backward towards comfort and the security of death and the other forward to nowhere.
Henry Miller

Just as relativity had to abandon the concept of simultaneity, so too does quantum theory have to abandon the concept of electron paths. The history of physics teaches us that the abandonment of earlier concepts is much more difficult than the adaptation of new ones.
Werner Heisenberg

Relativity asks questions like—Is there a beginning and end to time? Where is the farthest point in the universe? What lies beyond the farthest point? What happened at the point of Creation? By contrast, quantum theory asks the opposite questions—What is the smallest object in the universe? Can matter be divided into smaller and smaller units without limit? In many ways these two theories appear to be exact opposites. Relativity concerns itself the cosmic motion of galaxies and the universe, while quantum mechanics probes the subatomic world.
Michio Kaku

Neither relativity nor quantum theory by themselves provide a satisfactory description of nature. Einstein showed that relativity theory alone cannot form the basis for the unified field theory. Nor is quantum theory satisfactory without relativity. Quantum theory can only be used to calculate the behavior of atoms and not the large-scale behavior of galaxies and the expanding universe. Merging the two theories has consumed the Herculean efforts of scores of theoretical physicists for the past half century. Only in the last few years have physicists finally formulated, with the help of superstring theory, a possible synthesis of the two theories.
Michio Kaku



The Bernoulli Form elucidates the notion of Platonic Forms in describing how a motley crew of Forms—including Delphi, forecasting, integration, utility, optimization, efficiency and complementary—come together to form The Bernoulli Model.


The Method of Moments elucidates the notion of Platonic Forms in describing how a motley crew of Forms—including Delphi, forecasting, integration, utility, optimization, efficiency and complementary—come together to form The Bernoulli Model.


The Efficient Frontier examines the notions of God, option theory, portfolio theory, faith, reason and Arab mathfinally arriving at the inescapable conclusion that all roads of sound decisionmaking lead to the efficient frontier.


The Unpardonable Sin charges all honourables and doctors in Canada with heresy, child abuse and the unpardonable sin that Christ spoke of—which is the deliberate refusal to follow the light when seen.


The Uncertainty Principle contrasts Einstein with Heisenberg, relativity with quantum theory, behavioralism with existentialism, certainty with uncertainty and philosophy with science—finally arriving at the inescapable Platonic conclusion that the true philosopher is always striving after Being and will not rest with those multitudinous phenomena whose existence are appearance only.


A Formal Patient congratulates Alberta Health and Wellness for insisting on the accountability of due process in declaring individuals to be formal patients—and argues that I am being considered a formal patient as the result of an absence of due process elsewhere in Canada—and that I should not be considered a formal patient but that I should be declared disabled on account of being outside the cave of behaviorism.



Singularity identifies the trigger of the looming paradigm shift from the three-dimensionally conscioused Everyman to the four-dimensionally conscioused Superman as the 1935 Schrödinger's Cat though problem—which proves that consciousness is real.


The Great Cosmic Accounting Blunder compares the two physical fixedpoints in the universe—lightspeed and Planck’s constant—and argues that we have been guilty of double counting up until now and that in fact there is but one fixedpoint—which, as it turns out, is the boundary of the universe.


The Unified Field Theory counts down the Euclidean hits from five to one in categorically nailing the vast majority of this little thing I like to call cosmic pi.  At this point in spacetime I would like to pay special tribute to my excellent wingman Albert Einstein (18791955).


Closing the Liars Loophole identifies the malignant cancer within the healthcare system and society as the outwardly focusing behavioural psychological model, which denies the existence of consciousness—while the inwardly focusing existential model makes consciousness and the soul primordially important.

In 1998 I began consulting to the chief financial officer (CFO) and treasurer of Canadian Pacific Limited (CPL) in conducting mathematical analysis, writing valuation reports and building risk management models.  I also designed and administered a Delphi questionnaire for the executives in order to establish fundamental corporate values.  On 1 January 2001 I first published my website and also produced a mock-up of my Theory of One book that includes The Great Cosmic Accounting Blunder essay—from which the first argument of this essay is borrowed.  At the very same time, CPL was breaking up into its five subsidiaries and the CFO and treasurer were working twelve-hour days.  I flipped out on account of the fact that I have solved the greatest scientific problem of all time with my theory of one (2001) which unites relativity theory (1905) and quantum theory (1925)—and nobody cares—not then and not now.

One—Inside Out.  Consider two hypothetical spheres existing in abstract, metaphysical space—that is, space where the normal rules of physics do not apply.  With the first sphere the center is everywhere and the boundary is nowhere, while with the second sphere the boundary is everywhere and the center is nowhere.  The question is—How are the spheres different?  The thought problem leads to the counterintuitive conclusion that the terms center and boundary are interchangeable in this case—and thus both spheres paradoxically describe the very same continuum.  Relativity theory is based on lightspeed and quantum theory is based on Planck’s constant.  Consider again the two spheres.  With the first sphere Planck’s constant is everywhere and lightspeed is nowhere, while with the second sphere lightspeed is everywhere and Planck’s constant is nowhere.  The question is—How are the spheres different?  The thought problem leads to the counterintuitive conclusion that the terms Planck’s constant and lightspeed are interchangeable in this case—and both spheres paradoxically describe the very same spacetime continuum.

Two—Outside In.  Consider a tabletop representing the universe of all universes.  It is true that our universe occupies no more than a point in the universe of all universes.  As such, particles exist deterministically or with some degree of probability at every point in the universe—including at the boundary.  Thus the Outside In argument coincides with the Inside Out argument.  We could say that the big bang (ie. the creation of the universe) is occurring at every moment going back to its origin sixteen billion years ago when a photon (ie. a particle of light) splits into another photon which then splits into an electron and a positron (ie. particles of matter and antimatter).  By definition, photons travel at lightspeed and thus exist at the boundary of the universe.  From outside the universe, a single photon appears as a spherical film containing the universe—like a translucent pearl encapsulating a grain of sand—which is the elemental conceptual picture of the theory of one.  The elemental conceptual picture of relativity theory is the Pythagorean Form, which is the formula associated with a right-angle triangle.  The elemental conceptual picture of quantum theory is the Schrödinger’s wave equation, which resembles the waves that would occur if a pebble were dropped into an ocean.

Three—The Pythagorean Form.  According to William Barrett, reason was a Greek invention.  While the Egyptians used the Pythagorean Form as an empirical rule-of-thumb in building pyramids, it was Pythagoras (582-500 BC) who first proved it to be a mathematical truth.  In fact the Pythagorean Form was the first realization of reason.  The macrocosmos of relativity theory (ie. the universe of spacetime) is the universal law of spacetime and reveals that spacetime dilates as a function of velocity relative to lightspeed in accordance with the Pythagorean Form—ie. h^2 + (v/c)^2 = 1^2,  h = height, v = velocity,  c = lightspeed.  According to relativity theory—if v = c then h = 0—thereby indicating a boundary of spacetime.  On the other hand, according to Newtonian physics, if v = c then h = 1.  In other words, h is unaffected by v.  In his 1962 book Relativity Simply Explained Martin Gardner made the exact same argument that I just made but did not put the rubber to the road in failing to conclude that if h = 0, the physical interpretation points to the realization of a spacetime boundary.

Four—Causality Breakdown.  The microcosmos of quantum theory (ie. the universe inside the atom) is the universal law of matter and is based on Planck’s constant.  Causality (ie. cause and effect) is simply the ordering of spacetime and is the foundation of the decisionmaking process.  First the baseball is thrown and then it breaks the window.  Not the other way around and not occurring simultaneously.  Quantum theory states that causality fails at the spacetime boundary of Planck’s constant.  An absence of causality means an absence of spacetime thereby indicating a boundary of spacetime.  My theory of one argues that lightspeed and Planck’s constant are the same boundary of the universe (ie. the spacetime continuum).  Inside the universal boundary lies spacetime while outside the boundary lies nothingness.

The Michelson-Morley Experiment.  In 1881 two Americans named Michelson and Morley performed a monumentally important experiment which established, beyond a doubt, that lightspeed is invariably fixed at 186,284 miles per second—regardless of relative motion.  The experiment presented a problem in that, according to Newtonian physics, velocities are additive, thus contradicting the invariance of lightspeed.  Albert Einstein (1879-1955) resolved this dilemma in 1905 with his relativity theory by revealing that space and time are variable, interrelated quantities.  In paralleling Newton, Einstein theorized that the laws of nature are the same for all uniformly moving bodies.  But unlike Newtonian physics, which only concerns itself with mechanical laws, relativity theory also accounts for the behavior of light and other electromagnetic radiation.  The Michelson-Morley experiment presents a paradigm shift in going from the variability of lightspeed to its invariability.

Five—The Aspect Experiment.  In 1982 a Frenchman named Aspect performed an astonishing experiment which proved undeniably that all photons are instantaneously connected to one another.  The theory of one explains this by recognizing the fact that there is only one photon in the universe.  Up until 1982 the scientific community believed that, according to relativity theory, there was no such thing as faster-than-light or instantaneously signaling between particles.  Lightspeed was believed to be the speed limit of the universe.  This discovery means that some of our most highly-held views of reality are radically in error.  The Aspect experiment presents a paradigm shift in going from lightspeed signaling to the appearance of instantaneous signaling.  Both Michelson-Morley and Aspect used some very advanced equipment to conduct their experiments.  The Michelson-Morley experiment (1881) provides empirical validation of relativity theory (1905) while the Aspect experiment (1982) provides empirical validation of the theory of one (2001).

Six—Simplicity and Beauty.  The English monk William of Ockham (1285-1349) was one of the greatest thinkers of all time.  He put forth his principle of economy—which states that the plurality of reasons should not be postulated without necessity.  Or in other words, if all things are equal, the simplest and most beautiful theory tends to be the right one.  Ockham employed his principle so frequently and with such purpose that it became known as Ockham’s razor.  He claimed it is vain to do with more what can be done with less.  And even today, Ockham’s razor still remains the very foundation of all truly authentic scientific reasoning.  The theory of one is simple and beautiful and therefore true.  It is the theory that lightspeed and Planck’s constant are the same boundary of the universe—and that there is only one photon—and that photon is God.

Seven—Unchallenged After Thirteen Years.  I first published the theory of one on on 1 January 2001.  That was thirteen years ago.  The theory of one has gone unchallenged since then.  I have sent out my theory of one material several times to dozens of governments agents across North Americaincluding physicists.  (See the Government Correspondence section on  Special relativity theory (1905) only took four years before it was recognized by the scientific community.  Quantum theory (1925) was recognized by the scientific community almost immediately.  To quote Lewis Carroll (1832-98)—The time has come, the Walrus said, to speak of many things.  In 1909 Hermann Minkowski presented a geometric interpretation of relativity theory and the scientific community took notice.  Ironically, Minkowski was also Einstein’s university professor and described him as a lazy dog who never bothered with mathematics at all—which makes sense given that Einstein sought elemental conceptual pictures first before considering mathematical complexities.

Conclusion.  My theory of one is supported by seven significant arguments.  We need to base our society on arguments rather than opinions.  All I am asking from the government is to answer my arguments.  You can compel the government to respond to my arguments by nominating me for the Nobel Prize.


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